Description of the species
The crested newt is the biggest of our four domestic newt species. Its slightly rough skin has a dark grey-black colouring on the upper side, whilst the bottom part has a yellow-orange colouring with individually differing black spots. For the mating season in spring, males develop their eponymous crest, which can extend over the whole of their body length. The species is strongly tied to summer warm ponds with balanced pH-values and an abundance of underwater vegetation. Structured agricultural landscapes and deciduous forests serve as land habitats.
Situation and endangerment in the project-area
The crested newt is classified as endangered on the red list of amphibians. In a census in 2013, 70 sites populated by the crested newt could be determined in the southwest and the centre of the Gutland. However, estimating the size of the population is hardly possible. Populations have recovered over the last few years, partly due to former LIFE projects from SICONA-Ouest and SICONA-Centre, which helped the crested newts through similar means as the current project. The drying up and eutrophication of reproduction waters, the intensification of agriculture as well as the fragmentation of the landscape and the isolation of populations are current causes of threat to the crested newt.
Provisions within the project
Purchase of up to 5 ha and construction of summer warm ponds on suitable sites. Extensification of agricultural practices.